Budgies are small members of the parrot family. Like parrots they can become good mimics.

Budgie Facts
Average adult size: 7 inches long from head to tail
Average life span: 10 to 20 years with proper care
Diet: Herbivores

Shopping list for your new budgie:

  • Appropriately sized cage
  • Cage cover
  • High quality budgie food
  • Millet spray
  • Cuttlebone
  • Cuttlebone/millet holder
  • Treats
  • Cage sheets and/ or litter
  • Food and water dishes
  • Variety of perches
  • Variety of toys
  • Bird bath
  • Vitamins and supplements

Because all budgies are potential carriers of infectious diseases, such as Chlamydiosis, always wash your hands before and after handling your budgie and the content of its cage. This helps to prevent the spread of diseases.

A well balanced budgie diet consists of a good quality seed mix and fresh fruit and vegetables such as apples, mangos, cauliflower and broccoli leaves, cabbage and edible flowers without the leaves. Budgies should also have constant access to clean, fresh water.
Budgies should not be fed fruit seeds chocolate, alcohol or caffeine as these can cause serious medical conditions.

It is important to remember when feeding your budgie that they should have constant access to fresh food and water. When feeding your budgie fresh fruit and vegetables, any uneaten food should be discarded within a few hours. Treats should not exceed 10% of your budgies diet.

Budgies acclimate well to average household temperatures that do not exceed 27˚C. A budgies home should be placed off the floor in an area that is well lit and away from drafts. We recommend providing your budgie with the biggest cage possible, this gives them room to fly and stretch.
Perches should be at least 4” long and ½” in diameter. A variety of different perches in different sizes is advisable so they can exercise their feet and help prevent arthritis.
Placing a metal grate over their droppings tray will help keep your budgie away from droppings. Line the tray with cage paper for easier cleaning. Avoid contamination by not placing food and water containers under perches.

Normal Behaviour
Budgies are talkers, but their little voices can sometimes be hard to hear. They are very active creatures and they need time outside of their cage every day in order to interact with family members. Budgies can be kept in pairs; this is advisable if you are unable to devote so much attention to one. Providing your budgie with foraging toys will provide them with important mental stimulation.

Cage Maintenance
Cages and perches should be cleaned and disinfected regularly. Cage liners should be replaced at least once a week. Toys, perches and dishes should be replaced when they are worn or damaged and introduce new toys into the cage regularly. Make sure all cage accessories and toys do not contain lead, zinc or lead based paints as these can cause medical issues if your bird ingests them.

Do not use too many cleaning agents around your bird as the fumes can be harmful to them.

Grooming and Hygiene
Provide your budgie with a bowl of clean lukewarm water regularly for them to bathe in. This must be removed as soon as your budgie is finished with it. Alternatively, use a spray bottle to spray your budgie with lukewarm water. Clipping your birds’ flight feathers is not necessary, but when it is done correctly it can help them prevent injury or escape. Consult your vet to see what is best for your bird. Their nails should be trimmed by a qualified professional in order to prevent injury.

Signs of a Healthy Animal
An active bird is a happy bird; they should be alert and sociable. A good sign of a healthy budgie is seeing them regularly eating and drinking. Their nostrils and eyes should be dry and bright and their beaks, legs and feet appear normal. Their feathers should be clean, smooth and well groomed and their bottom should be clean and dry.

Common Health Issues

ChlamydiosisAppetite loss, fluffed feathers, nasal discharge, green stoolsSeek immediate veterinary attention
DiarrhoeaFaecal portion of stool is not formed. Multiple causes from diet change to internal parasitesConsult with your vet and ensure a proper diet
Feather PluckingBird plucks own feathers: may be due to boredom, poor diet and other illnessesConsult with your vet and relieve boredom with new toys or new space
Mites (scaly face and leg disease)White deposits on eyes, beak, legs and feet.Consult with your vet


Red Flags

  • Beak swelling or accumulations
  • Fluffed, plucked or soiled feathers
  • Sitting on the cage floor
  • Wheezing or coughing
  • Runny or discoloured stools
  • Eye or nasal discharge
  • Red or swollen eyes
  • Loss of appetite

If you see any of the signs in your bird, then please seek professional advice.